Performance Testing – How Automation Can Help

In this digitally enabled world, software plays a critical role in managing your mission-critical business processes. Imagine a situation where you’re running an online sale, and your e-commerce website crashed due to heavy traffic. A slow-loading website, endless buffering during a video stream, or an app crashing when you need it most. These performance hiccups can frustrate users and abandon ship faster than a sinking galleon. That’s where performance testing comes in.

Performance testing validates the responsiveness and stability of a software application under a particular workload. Here, some of the key performance indicators that are measured in performance testing are:

  • Browser, page, and network response times.
  • Server request processing times.
  • Acceptable concurrent user volumes.
  • Processor memory consumption: number and type of errors that might be encountered with the app.

Common Challenges in Performance Testing

Setting up the scope of testing: What to test and what to leave is still a challenging question. Testing everything is virtually impossible. And overlooking critical areas can lead to blind spots. You need to decide the workloads that need to be used to test the capacity of the application.

Defining realistic scenarios: Vague assumptions or skewed parameters can lead to misleading conclusions. You need to simulate real-world user behavior and traffic patterns to get accurate results.

Setting up the identical test environment: The configurations in both test and production environments need to be coherent. Slight deviation can lead to inaccurate results. While migrating from an on-premises environment to the cloud, often, developers and IT staff assume that the application works the same once it reaches the cloud, however, testing may deliver inaccurate results due to deviations in hardware, software, infrastructure specifications, and configurations.

Limited resources: Time, coverage, and qualified personnel are often limited, so optimizing your testing strategy and utilizing resources efficiently becomes paramount.

Integrating with DevOps: Integrating performance testing seamlessly into your development process can be challenging, but it’s crucial for continuous improvement and early detection of issues.

Addressing Performance Testing Challenges with Automation

Time, coverage, and availability of the right resources are certainly a cause of concern. And manual testing isn’t a logical solution. If you’re practising Agile/ DevOps, you need to bring in test automation. It facilitates continuous testing that ensures early detection of issues.

  • Test automation platforms like Opkey come with self-configuring engines. This feature helps in setting up the exact replica of the production in the test environment so that there shouldn’t be any process deviations.
  • Test automation also handles the scalability issue by simulating thousands of virtual users. This provides insights into an application’s scalability under varying conditions.
  • In this digitally enabled world, performance testing of an application across different environments and configurations is paramount. Automation facilitates testing in diverse environments and simplifies the creation of test scripts and scenarios, allowing for the quick and efficient setup of diverse testing conditions.
  • Test automation platforms like Opkey seamlessly integrate with continuous integration/ continuous deployment (CI/CD) pipeline, enabling early detection of performance issues.
  • In the case of test automation, performance test scenarios can be reused across different phases of development. This saves time and ensures consistency in testing.


Test automation not only solves the immediate challenges, but it’s also a strategic move toward a future-ready approach. It helps in enhancing efficiency by enabling QA teams to focus on fine-tuning performance rather than navigating manual testing complexities. Risk-based coverage ensures that necessary tests are executed on priority. Automation in performance testing facilitates the early identification of issues, empowering teams to address them in the early stages of development. This also checks the cost of bug fixing.


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